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The latest state of the art imaging equipment bought by you- Thank you from SITraN
This story starts with our research findings taking us down a road of smaller and smaller biology. Therefore to be able to measure the changes in our disease models caused by genetic changes we need ever more powerful microscopes. These do not come cheap and never in our wildest dreams did we truly think that we could purchase the Opera Phenix (Perkin Elmer), a £400, 000 piece of equipment in just over a years’ fundraising. Needless to say this amount was raised by over 19 of our fantastic supporting groups and individuals, without whose support we could not achieve our world class research, both large and small donations are welcomed with the same appreciation and gratitude.
What is so special about this microscope that makes it so expensive I hear you cry. Well, it is a confocal microscope, that is to say it can focus the light hitting our sample into a single plane, this removes all the blur that is obtained in a normal microscope due to the confounding signal from out of focus objects. For some of our research an ordinary microscope is OK, but some of the biological features in our research are so small and so faint that the blur, or noise, obscures what we are trying to study. It is also automated, so it can take over 23,000 images overnight of the cells we are studying. This amount of images would at a best guess take at least about 100 days on a manual confocal microscope. There are other details that make it optimum for our purposes, a patented water immersion optic, a proprietary enhanced light delivery called Synchrony™ Optics (10x more light than normal), multi cameras for speed and sensitivity that add together to mean we get the best picture possible of our model systems to try and understand the causes of disease. Even more exciting for me, as I run the drug screening facility here in SITraN, it means we can run drug screens to try and find compounds (possible drugs) that can remove or reduce the number of RNA foci (a pathological hallmark) found in the most common genetic cause of motor neuron disease (MND also known as ALS). We can also increase the throughput of screening of our in vivo fish models, locating and counting specific neurons within the brain of zebrafish. This machine will benefit all our research groups including those studying Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimers, spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and Stroke.
Our next challenge is handle the data from all the experiments we want to run, as an overnight experiment could generate as much as half a terabyte of data! That is probably more data than you have stored on your TV at home about 60 hours (HD).
Dr. Adrian Higginbottom- Senior Scientific Officer, Manager Drug Screening Facility.
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a genetically heterogeneous motor neuron disorder that causes significant gait disturbance and disability. There are at least 40 different genes that are implicated in HSP, but many of these are rare, with only a few affected families worldwide. It is estimated that half of HSP cases are due to mutations in the spastin gene (Spast), which encodes a protein that regulates the cytoskeleton.
Encouraging health care professionals to become involved in dementia research is the aim of a series of events organised by Division 4 staff of the Yorkshire and Humber Clinical Research Network (CRN).
The Dementia Roadshow Events showcase the exciting dementia research that is taking place throughout the region. Inspired by the Prime Minister's challenge on dementia, the CRN team are building the portfolio of dementia studies in Sheffield and the region, facilitating collaborations between dementia active communities and trusts.
The first Dementia Roadshow Event took place in February 2016 at Rotherham Doncaster and South Humber NHS Foundation Trust and was chaired by Dr Daniel Blackburn Consultant Neurologist and Senior Clinical Lecturer in Neurology at SITraN. Giving an overview of current projects and clinical trials in Sheffield, Dr Blackburn presented his research investigating novel mechanisms of diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias using electroencephalography (EEG) and conversation analysis. There was great interest from clinicians and health care professionals keen to become involved in dementia research. The event gave rise to further plans for supporting new principal investigators in developing their skills within dementia research.
Dr Blackburn said:
"Yorkshire and Humber has recruited the highest number of participants into dementia studies compared to other English research networks. However most participants are recruited from University Hospitals in large urban centres. These roadshow events are attempting to increase access for all people in Yorkshire with dementia to take part in research. This needs local investigators and greater awareness of research into dementia."
Dementia Research Nurse Victoria Murray and Neurologist Dr Daniel
Blackburn presenting dementia research in Sheffield.
There are three further opportunities to attend one of these Dementia Research Engagement events in various locations throughout Yorkshire and Humber (places are limited for some of the events so please book early, lunch/breakfast is available at the events):
*booking is required*. There are 20 places available for this event.
Drop In Event:
Details of a Principal Investigator Workshop will follow.
Our new Pro-Vice-Chancellor for the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, Professor Dame Pam Shaw, has been selected to give the prestigious Croonian Lecture at The Royal College of Physicians in London on Wednesday, 10 February 2016.
Pro-Vice-Chancellor for the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry & Health,
Professor Dame Pam Shaw
An internationally acclaimed neurologist, Professor Shaw has devoted her career to improving the lives of people affected by motor neuron disease (MND). She will be talking about her translational neuroscience approach to developing new effective treatments for MND at the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN), a research institute devoted to MND and related neurodegenerative diseases, which Professor Shaw founded and directs.
Professor Shaw said:
"It is a great honour to be invited by the President of the Royal College of Physicians to give the Croonian Lecture, as part of the annual Advanced Medicine Conference on 10th February 2016. This prestigious lecture was endowed by William Croone, an eminent and inspiring 17th century physician-scientist. Interestingly, he was particularly intrigued in his work by the motor system and the 'nature and laws of muscular motion'.
During my lecture, I will describe how we can harness the exciting developments in neuroscience and translate these insights into benefits for patients and families facing the devastating neurological illness of motor neurone disease (MND). I will be highlighting the progress being made by the talented medical and scientific teams within SITraN at our University."
The Croonian Lectures are given at the invitation of the Royal Society and the Royal College of Physicians. They are a legacy of William Croone (1633 –1684), an English physician and one of the original Fellows of the Royal Society and the Royal College of Physicians. William Croone pursued research in several important subjects of his day, including respiration, muscular motion, and generation, with widespread influence.
Portrait of William Croone, painted by Mary Beale 1860.
The Croonian Lecture is given on 10th February at 12:05pm as part of the conference in Advanced Medicine, 8-11 February 2016 at the Royal College of Physicians in London. The RCP will be live streaming parts of this conference – for more details follow @RCPLondon #RCPAdvMed on Twitter.